According to new research, coating dental implants with a synthetic bone material before implanting them into the jaw will allow the implant to be incorporated more successfully than titanium, which has traditionally been used.
J.D. Santos of the Biomedical Engineering Institute in Portugal found that although titanium's biological inertness means it will not trigger an adverse reaction from the immune system, it also means the metal does not initiate new bone and blood vessel growth around the implant.
His team experimented with coating titanium implants with Bonelike, a synthetic material comprised of hydroxyapatite reinforced with tiny glass particles.
They coated 27 titanium implants with the bone-like substance in the mouths of seven patients, ahead of the attachment of an artificial tooth.
The researchers found that "the Bonelike-coated dental implants proved to be highly bioactive with extensive new bone formation and attachment".
In other dental news, a recent study from scientists at the State University of New York suggested that research into the formation of tooth enamel could help prevent decay and develop future dental care materials.
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