Poor dental health is a major problem in the U.S., and in order to combat it, scientists have been working on new medications to fight tooth decay. For example, a recent study presented at the 244th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society showed that scientists have created a time-release capsule that is filled with a protein that can be injected into the pockets of the gums and teeth to keep them from developing gum disease.
"The capsules dissolve over time, releasing a protein that acts as a homing beacon. It guides immune cells to the diseased area, reducing inflammation, creating an environment that fights the disease process and even could create conditions favorable for gum tissue to regrow," explained researcher Steven Little, Ph.D.
Treatment for gum disease can be extensive and expensive, which is why researchers have been working to come up with alternatives. These capsules will target inflammation, which is what causes periodontal disease to progress.
So far, trials involving mice have been successful. Scientists are hoping that further research will show that this capsule is effective in humans.
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